5. The brand new Covenant on Attach Sinai (Exodus 19-24)

Ultimately, the people out of Israel started to the destination in which Jesus got came across Moses in the burning bush annually or more ahead of.

” one in the third week following the Israelites kept Egypt — for the extremely day — they involved brand new Wilderness away from Sinai. 2 Once they lay out of Rephidim, it joined the brand new Desert off Sinai, and you can Israel camped around on desert in front of the mountain.” (Exodus 19:1-2)

Invite in order to an alternate Covenant Matchmaking (Exodus 19:3-6)

We are going to spend quite a bit of day with the a couple verses (verse 5 and you will six) filled up with templates you to reflect from Dated and The brand new Testaments, and you can as a result of our own big date.

” 3 Up coming Moses ran as much as God, and LORD entitled to help you your regarding hill and told you, ‘This is exactly what you are to state to your domestic of Jacob and what you are to tell the folks away from Israel:

” cuatro You yourselves have seen the thing i performed to help you Egypt, and just how I sent your on eagles’wings 1 and brought you to help you me personally. 5 Today for folks who obey me https://datingranking.net/de/420-dating-de/ fully and maintain my personal covenant, then from every countries you’re my loved palms. As the entire earth was exploit, six you may be personally an empire out-of priests and you will an excellent holy nation.”

Requirement: Staying new Covenant (Exodus 19:5a)

The newest covenant are mentioned extensively in the Genesis where God makes a beneficial covenant which have Abraham, dos revived which have Isaac and you may Jacob. That it patriarchal covenant was referred to from inside the Exodus dos:24 and you can six:4-5 because reasoning Jesus was delivering the new descendants of one’s patriarchs. However now it’s about time for those themselves while making an actual covenant having God.

The term “covenant” is the Hebrew noun b e rit. Anywhere between places it’s a “pact, alliance from friendship.” Between somebody it’s “a hope otherwise agreement, with obligation anywhere between a great monarch and you can sufferers: a composition.” Ranging from Jesus and you may man it is “a good covenant followed by signs, sacrifices, and you can a great solemn oath one to shut the partnership that have guarantees away from true blessing getting staying this new covenant and you may curses getting breaking it.” step three Here in Exodus, Jesus renders a beneficial covenant together with his anybody because the a nation, toward pattern of one’s suzerain-vassal treaties based in the Old Close Eastern.

In the Old Near Eastern suzerain-vassal treaties have been commonplace. Good queen (suzerain) do get over weakened kingdoms and you will extract claims off allegiance — and yearly tribute — using their leaders (vassals). In return, the newest suzerain had a duty to guard vassal kingdoms however if these were attacked. The new suzerain are known as the queen regarding leaders — this new queen of the many most other kings. Throughout the Close Eastern pantheon out-of gods there is one that will be named much better than the rest, the brand new goodness away from gods.

The existing Testament will teach demonstrably you to definitely Yahweh is the genuine King from Israel. cuatro It is no accident following that the offering of your own legislation from the Mt. Sinai provides obvious the thing is so you’re able to good Suzerain-Vassal pact, wherein a strong monarch creates a treaty that have an excellent smaller powerful nation, confirmed of the authored covenants and additionally sacrifices, blessings, cursings, etc. 5

These treaties otherwise covenants typically provided issue that appear to seem especially in the latest heavier account given of those events from inside the Deuteronomy:

  1. Preamble (1:1-5)
  2. Historic prologue (1:6-4:40)
  3. Standard fine print (5:1-)
  4. Certain conditions and terms (12:1-)
  5. Blessings and you can curses (27:1-)
  6. Witnesses (; ; 32:1-43) six

Our membership into the Exodus truncates which story, although historic roots of one’s covenant are obvious. While the a good king, a great suzerain, Yahweh covenants that have Israel to be the King and you may Protector. Yahweh ‘s the high King, the great Queen, the newest Queen from kings together with Lord off lords. In the Class 7 we will notice that the brand new tabernacle on desert ‘s the smartphone family out of Yahweh in the midst of their individuals. The brand new courtyard defines the royal precincts, brand new tent are their abode, and also the mercy chair of one’s Ark of the Covenant are his throne.